Hypostatic Union - Jesus has two natures in one person. He was not half God and half man. He is both Human and Divine. He was completely God and completely man. This is the correct position concerning His two natures. SeeCol. 2:9;Phil. 2:5-8;John 8:58andExodus 3:14.
Jesus will remain as both God and man for eternity.
"He was born under the Law (Gal. 4:4) and fulfilled all of the Law of God (John 4:34;John 8:29), even to the point of death (Phil. 2:8). In His death He bore the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us (Gal. 3:13). Thus in the death of Christ the sins of His people were judged (Rom. 3:23-26) and forgotten (Heb. 8:12), and the result of His act of righteousness was eternal life (Rom. 5:18).
Jesus' body is ‘resurrected.' We do not know exactly what His body is like, but the nature of the resurrected body is discussed by Paul in1 Cor. 15:35-58.
Right now Jesus is in heaven, still as and eternally to be both God and man (1 Tim. 2:5;Col. 2:9).
This is important because Jesus is the High Priest forever: "where Jesus has entered as a forerunner for us, having become a high priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek,” (Heb. 6:20). A spirit cannot be a high priest, only a man can do that. Furthermore, Jesus always lives to make intercession for us "Hence, also, He is able to save forever those who draw near to God through Him, since He always lives to make intercession for them," (Heb. 7:25).
Salvation is the deliverance out of or the saving from the judgment of God upon the sinner. This judgment is known as damnation and consists of God casting the unsaved into the lake of eternal fire. The saved go to heaven to be with the Lord forever.
God is the sole agent of salvation (Eph. 2:8-9;John 1:12-13;Acts 13:48). Man does not cooperate with God to earn or keep salvation. If a person needed to do anything towards his/her salvation, then Jesus died needlessly (Gal. 3:21).
In salvation, the sins of the Christian are borne in Christ on the cross and the merits of Christ's righteousness are counted to the Christian.
The two main views on salvation in respect to man's choosing:
Free will - Man is totally able to accept or reject God (John 3:16) based upon some quality or ability within him.
Predestination - God predestines who He chooses into salvation (Eph. 1:1-11;Acts 13:48). There is nothing within man that will allow him to choose God. God must call.
Justification and Sanctification
Justification is the instantaneous event where God imputes to the believer the righteousness of Christ.
Sanctification means to be set apart for holy use. It means to consecrate.
Where justification is that position of being declared righteous before God (Rom. 4:5;5:9), sanctification is the growth in the life of the Christian in holiness in understanding, intent, thought, and action (1 Thess. 4:3-7).
Sanctification is a transformation of the believer produced by the Holy Spirit (Gal. 5:22-23) where godly fruit is the result.
The Christian's sanctification is tied to Christ: "I have been crucified with Christ and I no longer live, but Christ lives in me..." (Gal. 2:20, NIV).
It is not known exactly what our bodies will be like but it is thought that they will be like Jesus' resurrection body (Phil. 3:21;1 Cor. 15:42-54), not in His divinity, but in the state of His resurrection.
There will be a resurrection of the good and of the wicked (Acts 24:15).
The good, the Christians, will be raised to everlasting lifeMatt. 25:31-34).
The bad, the non-Christians, will be raised to everlasting punishment (Matt. 25:4-46).
Millennium means 1000 years. There are three main views concerning the Millennium.
Amillennialism - that we are in the millennial reign of Christ now.
This view asserts that Satan was bound when Jesus first came to earth. It holds that at the return of Christ the rapture occurs, the judgment of the wicked takes place, and the new heavens and earth are created.
Premillennialism - that the millennial reign of Christ has not yet happened.
This view asserts that Jesus will return (the rapture occurs near or at His return) and then bind Satan, cast him into the abyss, and rule on earth for 1000 years. At the end of that period Satan will be let loose to lead a rebellion. Jesus will then destroy him. Then comes the final judgment, followed by the new heavens and earth.
Postmillennialism - that the church will usher in the millennium of Christ through the preaching of the word and the conversion of the world.
There is debate on whether or not the millennium is a literal or figurative period. Some say the period must be a literal 1000 years (Rev. 20:2), others say the period may be interpreted figuratively (2 Pet. 3:8). There are very good arguments on both sides of the issue.
Historically, the church has held mainly to Amillennialism and Premillennialism with each gaining prominence at one time or another during the past 2000 years.
The rapture is the time when, at Christ's coming, the Christians who are alive are changed into their resurrected bodies (1 Thess. 4:15-17). They are literally caught up to where Jesus is as He descends from heaven to collect His church.
Those who have died beforehand come with Jesus and precede those who are on earth.
The main debate on the Rapture is when it will occur in relation to the Tribulation.
Pretribulation - the rapture will happen before the tribulation period.
Midtribulation - the rapture will occur half-way through the tribulation period.
Postribulation - the rapture will occur at the end of the tribulation period.